First newspaper in Croatia
was Zagreb weekly Ephemerides Zagrebienses
in 1771. Fifty issues of the four-page newspaper in Latin were published by Antun Jandera, a Czech-born printer. Little else is known about the newspaper, as there are no surviving copies. This was followed by other weekly, Agramer Deutsche Zeitung
(1786) and third Zagreb newspaper Chroatischer Korrespondent
(1789), both in German.
Il Regio Dalmata – Kraglski Dalmatin is the first newspaper published in Croatian language. It was bilingual newspaper, published in Italian and Croatian, issued by the French government in Zadar between 12 July 1806 and 22 January 1808. Between 29 January 1808 and 1 April 1810 it changed name to Il Regio Dalmata.
First fully Croatian newspaper was Novine Horvatske, established in 1835 by Ljudevit Gaj. In 1836 the paper switched from Kajkavian to Shtokavian dialect and was renamed Ilirske narodne novine. Played an important role in the Illyrian movement.
Source: Croatian State Archives
After, when everything connected with the Illyrian movement was forbidden, newspaper changed the name in Novine, later in Narodne novine and under that name is published today as an Official Gazette. Narodni list, established in 1862, is the oldest living newspaper in Croatia, published as a weekly. The first issue of Narodni list was printed on March 1st 1862, as a Croatian-language part of the Italian-language newspaper Il Nazionale. The oldest living daily newspaper is Novi list, founded in 1900, published in Rijeka and edited by Frano Supilo, Croatian politician and journalist. Novi list represented turnover in newspapers editing by introducing informative press era. Since the Novi list covered mainly the Rijeka region, press in Zagreb had to meet the challenge. Only able to compete was Obzor. Obzor was the successor of the Pozor, journal of Strossmayer`s National Liberal Party, launched in 1860. First, it was renamed in 1867 – Novi pozor, then in 1869 Zatočnik, somewhat later Branik, and in 1871 becomes Obzor, the most influential journal of Croatian liberal civic intelligence. Founders of Pozor-Obzor were Bogoslav Šulek (first professional Croatian journalist), Mojsije Baltić and Edvard Vrbančić. First political reporter in Croatian journalism was Marija Jurić-Zagorka, associate of Obzor. Here is also important to highlight that Pozor was forbidden at the beginning of January 1864, and it`s owner and editor in chief Ivan Perkovac was imprisoned. Perkovac then became first Croatian journalist sentenced to prison in the 19th century.